A cover letter is essential when applying for internships as it showcases your skills, experiences, and motivation, making you stand out as the best candidate for the position. The importance of a cover letter in the internship application process cannot be overstated, as it allows you to distinguish yourself from the competition and address any concerns related to limited experience. In this article, we will discuss the role of a cover letter in the selection process, how to write an effective internship cover letter, and tips for handling little or no related experience. By following the guidance provided, you will be well on your way to crafting a compelling cover letter that can help land you the internship you desire.

The Role of a Cover Letter in the Selection Process

A cover letter plays a crucial role in the selection process by allowing you to present your skills, experiences, and motivation in a personalized and compelling manner. It complements your resume by providing context and highlighting the unique qualities and experiences that make you the ideal candidate for the internship. Moreover, a well-crafted cover letter can showcase your writing skills and professionalism, demonstrating your attention to detail and ability to communicate effectively.

In addition, a cover letter offers the opportunity to express your genuine interest in the company and the position, which can be a decisive factor for hiring managers. By conducting research and tailoring your cover letter to the specific internship, you can show that you have a deep understanding of the company's values, culture, and mission. This not only strengthens your application but also helps establish a connection with the hiring manager, increasing your chances of being selected for an interview.

How to Write an Internship Cover Letter

Writing an effective internship cover letter involves proper formatting, personalization, and showcasing your skills and experiences. Here are some key steps to follow:

  1. Proper formatting: Ensure your cover letter follows a standard business letter format, with your contact information, the date, and the hiring manager's contact information at the top. Use a professional font and maintain consistent spacing and margins throughout the document.
  2. Personalizing your greeting: Whenever possible, address the hiring manager by name. This demonstrates that you have taken the time to research the company and can make a stronger impression than using generic salutations like "To Whom It May Concern" or "Dear Sir or Madam."
  3. Including key information in the introduction: Begin your cover letter by stating the internship position you are applying for, how you learned about the opportunity, and a brief overview of your qualifications. This sets the stage for the rest of your letter and provides context for the hiring manager.
  4. Showing how you and the internship are a perfect match: In the body of your cover letter, discuss the skills and experiences that make you an ideal candidate for the internship. Use specific examples to demonstrate how you have applied these skills in academic, volunteer, or extracurricular settings.
  5. Emphasizing your education and extracurricular activities: As an intern, you may not have extensive work experience to draw from, but you can still highlight your educational background and involvement in extracurricular activities that have helped you develop relevant skills. For example, if you served as a reporter for your school's newspaper, you could mention how this experience has honed your writing and research abilities.

Applicants with limited experience can still create an effective cover letter by focusing on transferable skills, appropriate experiences, and selling their story. Here are some tips for crafting a compelling cover letter even with little or no related experience:

  1. Identifying transferable skills: Consider the skills you have developed through academic, volunteer, or extracurricular activities that can be applied to the internship position. These might include teamwork, problem-solving, communication, or leadership abilities.
  2. Choosing relevant experiences: Highlight experiences that, while not directly related to the internship, demonstrate your ability to succeed in the position. For instance, if you are applying for a marketing internship and have experience organizing events for a student club, you can discuss how this has helped you develop project management and promotional skills.
  3. Selling your story and skills with confidence: Be confident in the value you bring to the internship, even if your experience is limited. Emphasize your enthusiasm for the position and your eagerness to learn and contribute to the company.
  4. Demonstrating your potential for growth and learning: Show that you are a quick learner and adaptable, with examples of how you have acquired new skills or adapted to new environments in the past.
  5. Using examples to show your motivation and ambition: Share anecdotes that illustrate your drive and determination to achieve your goals, such as challenging projects you have undertaken or obstacles you have overcome. This can help demonstrate your potential as an intern and your passion for the field.

Common Mistakes to Avoid in an Internship Cover Letter

Avoiding common mistakes in your cover letter can increase your chances of making a positive impression on the hiring manager. Some of the most common mistakes to watch out for include:

  1. Spelling and grammar errors: As mentioned in this AvidCareerist article, spelling and grammar errors are among the most common cover letter mistakes. Such errors can create a negative impression of your attention to detail and professionalism. Be sure to proofread your cover letter multiple times and consider asking someone else to review it as well.
  2. Overused phrases and clichés: Avoid using clichés or overused phrases like "hard worker" or "team player." Instead, focus on providing specific examples that demonstrate these qualities in action.
  3. Lack of personalization or customization: As discussed in this CareerAddict article, using an outdated or impersonal greeting like "To Whom It May Concern" can make you appear lazy. Be sure to research the company and the position to tailor your cover letter accordingly, and address the hiring manager by name whenever possible.
  4. Being too vague or generic: Ensure that your cover letter provides concrete examples of your skills and experiences, rather than relying on general statements. This will help make your cover letter more engaging and persuasive.
  5. Focusing too much on yourself instead of the company and position: While it is important to highlight your qualifications, remember that the purpose of the cover letter is to show how you can contribute to the company and the internship position. Focus on the value you can bring to the organization, rather than just discussing what the internship can do for you.

Following Up on Your Application

Following up on your internship application can demonstrate your continued interest in the position and reinforce the positive impression made by your cover letter. Here are some tips for following up on your application:

  1. When to follow up: Generally, it is appropriate to follow up one to two weeks after submitting your application or after the application deadline has passed. This shows that you are proactive and interested in the position without appearing too pushy.
  2. How to follow up professionally and politely: Send a brief email or make a phone call to the hiring manager or the person who received your application. Be polite and professional, and express your appreciation for their time and consideration.
  3. Reiterating your interest and enthusiasm for the position: In your follow-up, briefly restate your interest in the internship and highlight any relevant skills or experiences that make you a strong candidate.
  4. The potential benefits of following up: Following up can help keep your application top of mind for the hiring manager and may prompt them to take another look at your cover letter and resume. It also demonstrates your enthusiasm for the position and your commitment to pursuing the opportunity.
  5. Respecting the hiring manager's decision and timeline: As mentioned in this Loopcv blog article, it is important to respect the hiring manager's decision and timeline. If they inform you of a specific date by which a decision will be made, do not follow up before that date. If you do not receive a response after your initial follow-up, it is generally best to move on and focus on other internship opportunities.


Crafting an effective cover letter is essential for internship applications, and following the guidance provided in this article can increase your chances of success. Remember the importance of a well-written cover letter in showcasing your skills, experiences, and motivation, as highlighted in this Fastweb article. By applying the tips and advice shared throughout this article, you can create a compelling cover letter that sets you apart from the competition and increases your chances of securing an internship.

In closing, we wish you success in your internship search and encourage you to continue developing your cover letter writing skills. As you gain more experience and refine your approach, you will become even more adept at crafting cover letters that make a strong impression on hiring managers and help you secure the internships you desire.